Koper or Koper (Slovenian: Koper, Italian: Capodistria) is one of the largest cities in Slovenia and the most important settlement in the Obalno-Kraška region, ie the Slovenian coast. Koper is also the administrative center of the eponymous municipality of Koper.
Koper is also the main seaport of Slovenia and the only major coastal settlement in the country.
The town of Koper is located in the extreme southwestern part of the country, on the small Slovenian coast. The city is close to the Italian border and much larger Trieste (about 20 km). Koper is 103 km away from the capital Ljubljana.
Koper is located in the small bay of the Adriatic Sea of the same name. The city area is largely located in a small coastal flat belt, while the city rim is located in the hills, which encloses the bay and the plain from the east and south.
The city has a Mediterranean climate.
Koper appeared as a settlement in the time of ancient Greece under the name Aegida. Today's name derives from the Latin name Caprea, from the time of ancient Rome. The importance of the city grew during the Great Migration of the Barbarians, when the city became a refuge for the then inhabitants of Tergeste, modern Trieste.
From the 10th century until 1797, the city was part of the Venetian Republic. During this time, the city acquired an Italian character, unlike the Slovenian hinterland. This demographic situation will continue after 1797, when the city belonged to the Habsburg monarchy, until the middle of the 20th century.1918 Koper belonged to Italy, which in the following years various measures suppressed the South Slavic influence in the city and its surroundings. After the Second World War, the city was first part of the Free Territory of Trieste, and in 1954 it belonged to Yugoslavia and the then Republic of Slovenia.
Historically, Koper is a settlement with an Italian majority. At the beginning of the 20th century, the city had about 7,500 inhabitants, of which over 90% were Italians.
Today, Koper has a population of 23,726. Of that, Slovenes make up 75%, other nationalities from the former Yugoslavia about 20% and Italians only 2.2%. Despite the small share of the population, Koper is today the center of the Italian minority in Slovenia.
Here is KK Primorska.
It has the highest revenue from the Port of Koper, which is important for transhipment for Southeast Europe.
The city is also an important tourist and administrative center. Koper has a preserved historical core of the Mediterranean type with numerous squares, churches and palaces.
Like every major city in the country, Koper has a developed network of primary and secondary schools. The University of Primorska was almost founded in the city.
|One way||Round trip|
Van transport Belgrade - Koper
|75 EUR||145 EUR|